The family

English grammar (See all)

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The Family

Blood relatives People who are related by birth (rather than through marriage)
a mother a female parent
mom, mum, mummy, mommy child's words for mother
a father a male parent
dad, daddy, pop, papa child's words for father
a brother a boy or man who has the same parents as you
a sister a girl or woman who has the same parents as you
a sibling a brother or sister
a cousin a child of one's aunt or uncle
a first cousin a child of one's aunt or uncle
a second cousin a child of a cousin of one's mother or father
an aunt a sister of one's mother or father
an uncle a brother of one's mother or father
a grandfather, grandpa the father of one's mother or father
a grandmother, grandma, granny the mother of one's mother or father
a great grandfather the grandfather of one's mother or father
a relative a member of one's family
a distant relative a relative who is not in one's immediate family (immediate family= parents and siblings)
a great aunt, great uncle a sister of a grandmother or grandfather, a brother of a grandmother or grandfather
a son, a daughter a male child, a female child
a child, children a son or daughter, sons or daughters
a kid, kids informal way to say a child, children
a nephew, a niece a son of your sister or brother, a daughter of your sister or brother
a grandson, a granddaughter, a grandchild a son of one's son or daughter, a daughter of one's son or daughter, a child of one's son or daughter
twins two children born to the same mother on the same occasion
identical twins two babies of the same sex who were born at the same time to the same mother and look very similar

Relatives by marriage and others
a father-in-law, a mother-in-law the father of the person one is married to, the mother of the person one is married to
a brother-in-law, a sister-in-law a brother of one's spouse, or the husband of one's sister, a sister of one's spouse, or the wife of one's brother
a step-father, a step-mother one's mother's husband, one's father's wife (from a second marriage)
a half-brother, a half-sister a brother who is the son of only one of one's parents, a sister who is the daughter of only one of one's parents
a wicked step-mother one's father's wife (from a second marriage) who is a bad person
an adopted child a child raised by non-biological parents
a foster child a child taken care of by non-biological parents, usually for a limited time
an orphan a child whose parents are dead
the bride the woman who is about to get married or has just gotten married
the groom the man who is about to get married or has just gotten married
a best man a male friend or relative of the groom who stands with him and helps him during a marriage ceremony
a bridesmaid, a maid of honour a girl or woman who during the marriage ceremony helps the bride, the most important bridesmaid at a marriage ceremony
a godfather, a godmother a man who promises to help a child in religious and moral matters, a woman who promises to help a child in religious and moral matters
a godson, a goddaughter a boy whose moral and religious development is partly the responsibility of another person, chosen by the parents, a girl whose moral and religious development is partly the responsibility of another person, chosen by the parents
a husband a man to whom one is married
a wife a woman to whom one is married (plural = wives)
a girlfriend, a boyfriend a female friend, with whom one has a romantic or sexual relationship, a male friend, with whom one has a romantic or sexual relationship


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