La formación de los aumentativos y los diminutivos

Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language.
Spanish grammar tips with Hotel Borbollón, online Spanish lessons.

La formación de los aumentativos y los diminutivos

Augmentatives and diminutives are formed by adding an ending to nouns and adjectives.

Fuimos a ver un peliculón (película)

We went to see a great movie.

Mi perro es muy pequeñito (pequeño)

My dog is teeny tiny.

These are the main endings for the augmentatives: -ón/ona, -ote/ota, -azo/aza.

Ana está tristona (triste)

Ana is very sad.

Estoy leyendo un librote de mil páginas (libro)

I’m reading a huge 1000-page book.

Magda es una buenaza (buena)

Magda is a very good person.

These are the main endings for the diminutives: -in/ina, -ito/ita, -illo/illa.

La piscina es muy chiquitina (chica)

The pool is tiny.

¿Quieres una cervecita fresquita? (cerveza/fresca)

Do you want a nice cold beer?

Hay un jardincillo al final de la calle (jardín)

There’s a little garden at the end of the street.

Augmentatives intensify the meaning of a word or increase it in size; on the other hand, diminutives make something smaller or express something with affection.

Nacho es un buenazo = muy bueno

Nacho is a really nice guy.

He visto un pajarito = pájaro pequeño

I saw a little bird.

Note: in some cases you can use different augmentative/diminutive endings with the same word: buenazo/buenote (really nice), pajarito/pajarillo (little bird)

Taking your learning further

Still facing difficulties with 'La formación de los aumentativos y los diminutivos'? Improve your Spanish with Gymglish - try our Spanish lessons for free now and receive a free level assessment!

Do you know any tips to avoid making mistakes with 'La formación de los aumentativos y los diminutivos'? Share it with us!

Improve your Spanish further and test Hotel Borbollón, online Spanish lessons.