Presente de indicativo: estar

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Presente de indicativo: estar

Estar (To be) is an irregular verb:

Yo estoy
Tú estás
Él/ella/usted está
Nosotros/as estamos
Vosotros/as estáis
Ellos/ellas/ustedes están

We use it:

  • To say where people, things, or places are located:

Estamos en Buenos Aires. El Hotel Borbollón está en el centro de Madrid.

We are in Buenos Aires. The Borbollón Hotel is in downtown Madrid.

  • To describe physical states, positions, and mood:

Magda está triste por la muerte de Beatriz.

Magda is sad over Beatriz’s death.

Ellos están sentados.

They are seated.

  • Always in front of bien (good, ok) or mal (bad, not ok):

—¿Cómo estás? —Estoy mal, tengo resaca.

—How are you? —I’m not ok. I’m hungover.

Note: In many languages, ser and estar are the same verb: “to be”. Some of the ways in which we use the verb ser are: to identify yourself or others, to describe things, and indicate when something is happening.

Soy Carolina.

I am Carolina.

La ciudad es grande.

The city is big.

La reunión es mañana.

The meeting is tomorrow.

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