Ser and estar

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Ser and estar

Many adjectives can be used with ser ser, presente and estar estar, presente.

  • As a general rule, we use estar to describe a temporary condition, and ser to describe something more permanent:

Magda es guapa (siempre).

Magda is pretty (always).

Magda est谩 muy guapa (hoy en particular).

Magda looks very pretty (today in particular).

Nacho es feliz (en general).

Nacho is happy (in general).

Nacho est谩 feliz (en este momento).

Nacho is happy (right now).

  • The meaning of some adjectives changes depending on the verb:

Teo est谩 despierto (dej贸 de dormir).

Teo is awake (he鈥檚 not asleep anymore).

Teo es muy despierto (vivaz, listo).

Teo is very bright (spirited, smart).

  • Exception: with the adjective muerto (dead), we always use the verb estar (to be):

Beatriz Borboll贸n est谩 muerta desde hace una semana.

Beatriz Borboll贸n has been dead for a week.


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