Utilización de los pronombres personales

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Utilización de los pronombres personales

In general, personal pronouns are not used because the conjugation of the verb identifies the subject:

—¿Vienes a cenar mañana? —Sí, claro que vengo.

Are you coming to dinner tomorrow? —Yes, of course I’m coming (in both cases the pronouns are understood by the conjugation of the verb).

Cases in which they have to be used:

  • When there are multiple subjects, and there may be confusion:

Ustedes son chilenos y ellos son mexicanos.

You are Chilean, and they are Mexican.

  • To emphasize or direct attention to the subject:

tienes la culpa.

You are to blame

  • In questions or answers that seek to identify a subject:

—¿Quién está ahí? —Soy yo.

—Who’s there? —It’s me.

  • In comparisons, after que:

Carolina es más alta que yo.

Carolina is taller than me.

  • In front of mismo (used with reflexives like “myself”, “himself”, etc), también (too), tampoco (either):

A ella también le gusta viajar.

She likes to travel, too.

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