Die reflexivpronomen - akkusativ oder dativ?

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Die Reflexivpronomen - Akkusativ oder Dativ?

The reflexive pronouns (mich, mir, sich) can be used in the accusative Akkusativ and dative Dativ. You use the reflexive pronouns in the dative when in addition to the subject there is another object in the sentence:

  • Reflexive pronouns in accusative (no object in the sentence)

Ich wasche mich.

I wash myself.

Sigi rasiert sich.

Sigi is shaving (himself).

Magda zieht sich an.

Magda is getting dressed.

  • Reflexive pronouns in the dative (object in the sentence)

Ich wasche mir die Hände. (Objekt = die Hände)

I wash my hands. (Object = the hands)

Sigi rasiert sich den Bart. (Objekt = der Bart)

Sigi shaves his beard. (Object = the beard)

Magda zieht sich die Bluse an. (Objekt = die Bluse)

Magda puts the blouse on. (Object = the blouse)

Note: In the subsidiary clause, the reflexive pronoun is after the subject:

Tim kommt nicht, weil er sich geärgert hat.

Tim is not coming because he’s annoyed.

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