Die wechselpräpositionen

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Die Wechselpräpositionen

There are 9 accusative/ dative prepositions that can be used with the accusative or dative: auf (on), unter (under), über (over), neben (next to), an (by), zwischen (between), in (in), hinter (behind), vor (in front).

Caroline ist in der Küche.

Caroline is in the kitchen.

Caroline bringt die Lebensmittel in die Küche.

Caroline brings the food into the kitchen.

  • Direction, directive = accusative (answers the question Wohin? (Where to?))

Ich stelle die Vase auf den Tisch

I put the vase on the table.

Sigi legt das Handy auf die Rezeption

Sigi places the mobile phone on the reception desk.

Magda stellt die Stühle an den Tisch.

Magda places the chairs near the table.

  • Location, situative = dative (answers the question Wo? (Where?))

Die Tasse ist auf dem Tisch.

The cup is on the table.

Das Hotelpersonal ist im Pool.

The hotel staff are in the pool.

Das Flugzeug ist über den Wolken.

The plane is above the clouds.

Note: Nouns that do not end in -n receive an extra -n in the dative plural:

der Tisch die Tische auf den Tischen (Dativ)

the table the tables on the tables (dative)

das Buch die Bücher zwischen den Büchern (Dativ)

the book the books between the books (dative)

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