Reflexive verbs and reflexive pronouns in the accusative and dative

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Reflexive verbs and reflexive pronouns in the accusative and dative

Reflexive verbs are formed with a reflexive pronoun, for example: mich (myself, accusative), dich (yourself, accusative), sich (himself, accusative), mir (myself, dative), dir (yourself, dative), euch (yourselves, accusative/dative). The reflexive pronoun comes after the verb.

Sigi rasiert sich

Sigi is shaving (himself)

Wir verlieben uns.

We are falling in love (with each other)

The reflexive pronoun can be in the accusative or dative:

Akkusativ

ich mich

du dich

er/sie/es sich

wir uns

ihr euch

sie/Sie sich

Dativ

ich mir

du dir

er/sie/es sich

wir uns

ihr euch

sie/Sie sich

Magda freut sich über die Blumen.

Magda loves the flowers. (sich = accusative)

Ihr wünscht euch 100.000 Euro.

You wish you had 100,000 euros. (euch = dative)

Du wäschst dir die Haare.

You are washing your hair. (dir = dative)

Note: Reflexive verbs take haben (to have) in the perfect tense.

Sigi hat sich vor zwei Tagen gewaschen.

Sigi washed himself two days ago.

Wir haben uns gestern getroffen.

We met each other yesterday.

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