Verben mit dativ

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Verben mit Dativ

Some verbs are followed by the dative or accusative case, or either. The verb determines which case is used.

Ein Lehrer: Ich helfe + ein Lehrer. Ich helfe einem Lehrer.

A teacher: I'm helping + a teacher. I’m helping a teacher.

The following verbs are used with the dative case: helfen (help), gefallen (like), gehören (belong), schmecken (taste), danken (thank), antworten (answer), glauben (believe).

Das Kind: Maria glaubt dem Kind.

The child: Maria believes the child.

Die Frau: Ich habe das Buch gelesen.

The book: I’ve read the book.

Kein Pullover: Mir gefällt kein Pullover.

No pullovers: I don’t like any pullovers.

These are the endings for articles in the dative case:

Nominativ Dativ
maskulin em
neutrum em
feminin e er
Plural e en

Anna antwortet einem Gast, einer Freundin, einem Mädchen.

Anna answers a guest, a (female) friend, a girl.


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