Relative words

理解语法是理解一门语言的关键。
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Relative words

用'who', 'what', 'which', 'where'...来引导一个从句:

WHO / WHOSE / WHOM 用来指代人,有时指代动物(who, that, which):
The lady who came yesterday was very polite.昨天来的那位女士非常有礼貌。
Our C.E.O., whose father was a dentist, has a nice smile.我们的CEO有非常漂亮的笑容,而他的爸爸是牙医。
My sister Michelle, whom you met last Saturday, has been married twice already.我的妹妹米歇尔,就是你上个周六见到的那位,已经结过两次婚了。
WHAT / WHICH 用来表示物品或者想法:
His commitment to the company, which has always been noticed, has diminished considerably over the last few weeks.他对公司的奉献,大家有目共睹,但是最近几周来急剧下降了。
The chalet, which I told you about last week, is not for sale anymore.这个小木屋,就是上周我跟你说过的那个,已经不在售了。
The iceberg was what impressed me most.冰山是最让我印象深刻的。
She doesn't know what to do.她不知道做什么好。
注意: WHICH也可以用来指代人,当后面引导的是一个选择时:
I don't remember which (one) of them I met first. 我不记得第一个遇见的是他们中的哪一个了。
WHEREWHEN分别引导地方(何地)和时间(何时):
Meet me at the restaurant where I proposed to you. 到我向你求婚的那个餐厅和我见面。
So this is what it sounds like when doves cry. (Prince song)这就是白鸽们哭泣的声音。(普林斯的歌)
THAT 可以用来指代东西或人。它有时会被隐去,但是其意义还在:
I have lost all the CDs (that) I bought last week. 我上周买的那些CD,我都弄丢了。
The dress (that) she is wearing is a nice color. 她穿得这条连衣裙颜色非常好看。
The man (that) we saw is my boss.我们看到的那个男人是我老板。

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