The interrogative form

理解语法是理解一门语言的关键。
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The interrogative form

当助动词为(be, have, will, can, etc.)或普通动词时,疑问句结构会有不同。
Is Bruno in his office? 布鲁诺在办公室里吗?
Can I talk to you? 我能跟你说话吗?
Have you read this book? 你读过这本书吗?
•  如果动词为普通动词,疑问形式与助动词do/does/did一起构成。与助动词一起出现的形式一样,动词变成不带to 的不定式形式:
Do you like that album? 你喜欢这张专辑吗?
Did she see the movie? 她看过这部电影吗?
Does Kevin drink alcohol? 凯文喝酒吗?
在两种情况下,句子都需要改变第一个助动词的位置:
She's dreaming. -> Is she dreaming?她在做梦。她在做梦吗?
You would tell me. -> Would you tell me? 你会告诉我。你会告诉我吗?
注意:普通动词to do也使用助动词do/does/did来进行变位:
Did you do it? 你做过吗?
Does he do his homework on time? 他准时做家庭作业了吗?
•  在代词(Who,What)为首的疑问句情况下

如果译文代词是主语,不需要倒装:
Who told you this? 谁告诉你这件事的?
Who is here? 谁在这儿?
如果疑问代词是宾语,则需要倒装:
Who(m) are you talking to? 你在跟谁说话?
What did he say? 他说什么?
What are you thinking about? 你在想什么?

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