To make vs to do

理解语法是理解一门语言的关键。
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To make vs to do

动词to doto make有时候在其他语言了被翻译成一个动词。但是什么时候该使用哪个呢?很难有一个固定的规则:to do与某些词一起用, to make与其他一起, 与哪些词一起用只能靠记忆:
to do the dishes
洗盘子
to make a suggestion
提建议
to do the housework
做作业
to make a mistake
犯错误
to do a favor
帮个忙
to make a noise
发出噪声
to do one's best
尽全力
to make an effort
努力
to do one's duty
尽职
to make a profit
获利
to do the shopping
购物
to make an agreement
同意
to do business
做生意
to make an appointment
预约
...
...

普遍用法:
•  To do主要用作指工作,任务,等等:
Did you do your homework? 你做了作业没?
Kevin did not do any work today. 凯文今天没有做任何工作。
•  To make 主要指创造,建造,生产...:
I'll make a cake for her birthday. 我会为她的生日做一个蛋糕。
Bruno made a little house for Stink in the garden. 布鲁诺给斯丁克在花园里修了一座小房子。
注意: To make a decision而不是to take a decision。即使to take a decision在英语里也存在(主要在英式英语中),这个结构来自于法语,并且很少使用(表示在几个选项中作选择)。然而,to MAKE a decision使用更普遍:
I made the decision to sell the company. 我决定卖出公司。
After interviewing all the applicants, we took the decision to hire the second candidate. 在给所有申请人面试之后,我们决定雇佣第二个候选人。
某些有用的表达法:
I can't make it to the meeting. 这次会议我不能来。
I made it! 我成功啦!
Well done! 做得好! I would like my steak well done. 我点的牛排要全熟。
Make sure it gets done. 确保这个事情已经完成了。

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