Comparatives

理解语法是理解一门语言的关键。
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Comparatives

•  较高级的比较级:

•  在比较的形容词中 (只有一个或两个音节):
Bruno is older than Susie. 布鲁诺比苏西年纪大。
This surfboard is shorter than mine. 这个冲浪板比我的短。
只在简单过去时中,最后的辅音字母会被双写:
hot -> hotter (热 ->更热)
fat -> fatter (胖-> 更胖)
•  如果形容词很长,便会使用MORE ... THAN:
Kalvin Krime perfumes are more expensive than Delavigne perfumes. 卡文-克里姆香水比德拉维尼香水更贵。
重要: 并没有一个规定哪个形容词'短'或'长'的固定规则。所有一个音节的形容词被认为是短词,而两个音节的形容词有时被认为是短,有时被认为是长:
happy -> happier or more happy (高兴)
ugly -> uglier ou more ugly (丑)
•  较低级的比较级用LESS ... THAN :
Horatio is less comfortable in the city than he is in the jungle. 霍雷肖在城市里没有在丛林里舒服。
The Delavigne Corp sells products which are less expensive than its competitors' products.德拉维尼公司的产品比它对手公司的产品价格更低。
•  平级比较级使用AS ... AS:
Kevin is as old as Philip. 凯文和菲利普一样大。
I don't drink as much as he does. 我不像他那么能喝。
Are Delavigne products as expensive as Kalvin Krime's? 德拉维尼的产品与凯文-克里姆的产品一样贵吗?
as soon as possible 在最近的将来
在否定式里,较低级的比较级会被使用NOT AS ... AS:
Horatio is not as comfortable in the city as he is in the jungle. 霍雷肖在城市里没有它在丛林时舒服。
Delavigne products are not as expensive as its competitors' products. 德拉维尼的产品不像它竞争对手的产品那般贵。
•  一些常用的非规则形容词:
good -> better
I like Delavigne's perfumes better than Kalvin Krime's.我更喜欢德拉维尼的香水。
bad -> worse
The singer was worse than I thought he would be. 这个歌手比我想象得更差。
far -> farther(表距离)或者further(象征性含义)
The mountains were much farther away than we thought. 这座山比我们认为的要远多了。
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