The subjunctive present tense

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The Subjunctive Present Tense

虚拟式现在时用在下列结构中:
They suggested that he come with them. 他们建议他与他们一起来。
英语中,虚拟式现在时与时间无关,经常变位成不带to的动词不定式:
Bruno asked that everyone be on time. 布鲁诺要求每个人准时。
I prefer that he go alone. 我宁愿他自已一个人走。
She had suggested that they be polite. 她建议他们礼貌点。
It was essential (that) he listen to me. 最重要的是他听我说。
虚拟式现在时也用在下列结构中:
God save the Queen. 愿上帝拯救女王。
May the schwartz be with you.(Mel Brooks movie) 愿施瓦兹与你同在。(梅尔-布鲁克斯的电影)
Far be it from me to criticize your work. 我绝对不会批评你的工作。
Be that as it may... 即使...我会接受这个事实。
有些动词后通常跟一个虚拟式现在时的动词(通常表达命令,建议,意见,必须,等等): to require, to suggest, to be necessary, to advise, to insist
注意,虚拟式更多地在正式的句法结构中使用。

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