The subjunctive preterit

理解语法是理解一门语言的关键。
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The subjunctive preterit

虚拟式过去时用在下列结构中:
If I were you, I would talk to the manager. 如果我是你,我就会跟经理谈谈。
用来表达猜测,愿望,欲望(等),其变位与简单过去时一样,除了动词to be:
Iwere(而不是was)
Youwere
Hewere(而不是was)
Wewere
Youwere
Theywere
使用虚拟式过去时的一般结构:

•  在if:
If I were a rich man! 如果我是有钱人!
If I had more time, I would show you my office. 如果我有更多时间,我就会给你展示我的办公室了。(= If I'd more time, I'd show you my office.)
(would表达一种条件)
If she were my girlfriend, I would buy her roses every day.如果她是我的女朋友,我就会每天给她买玫瑰花。
•  在动词to wish之后,表达愿望或后悔:
I wish you were here. 我希望你能在这儿(实际你没来)。
Do you surf? - (No but) I wish I could. 你冲浪吗? - (不,但是)我希望我能。
•  在would rather之后,表达一种偏好:
I'd rather you came another time. 我更愿你另外一个时间来。
Horatio would rather people didn't know about his test monkeys. 霍雷肖宁愿人们不知道他的试验猴子。
•  在it's time之后:
It's about time Willy retired.该到威利退休的时候了。
It's high time that you and I had a chat about it. 正是时候,该我们谈谈这件事了。

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