The subjunctive preterit and conditional constructions

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The subjunctive preterit and conditional constructions

我们来区分一下不同形式的虚拟式:

•  非真实的现在(或情态过去时):
If she were at the park with us, she would be having a good time. 如果她能在公园和我们一起,她应该度过一个愉快的时光。
If only I didn't have so much work to do, I could go out drinking. 但凡我没如此多的工作要做,我就会出去喝一杯了。
I wish you didn't live so far away.我希望你不要住这么远。
•  不真实的过去(或者情态过去完成时):
If Polly had seen this mess, she would have called the police. 如果是宝莉看到这腌臜事,她肯定就给打电话报警了。
He wishes she hadn't left. 他希望她没有走。(事实上她已经走了。)
If only you hadn't wasted your teenage years playing video games. 如果你没有浪费你青年时光在打游戏上就好了。
I would rather he hadn't come to this meeting. 我宁愿他没来参加这次的会议。
•  条件式,在将来时基础上(were+带to的动词不定式, wouldcould):
If he were to show up, Willy would have to arrest him. 只要他露面,威利就会逮捕他。
I wish she would wake up and smell the coffee. (idiom meaning 'to pay attention to what is happening') 我希望她会注意发生什么事情。
I would if I could, but I can't so I won't. 我希望我可以,但是我不能,所以我不愿。

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