Ed and ad

E (and) and a (to, in, at) become ed and ad before a word that begins with the same vowel (so, e and a respectively).

Luca e Beatrice preparano la cena → Luca ed Emma preparano la cena.

Luca and Beatrice prepare dinner → Luca and Emma prepare dinner.

A Magda non piace il dottor Mancini → Ad Anna non piace il dottor Mancini.

Magda doesn't like Dr. Mancini → Anna doesn't like Dr. Mancini.

There are some common, set expressions that use ed and ad, regardless of the vowel that comes afterwards:

ad esempio

for example

ad eccezione

with the exception of

ad ogni modo

in any case

ed io

and I

Note: in general, ed and ad are not so common in spoken Italian.

Marco e io siamo andati al mare. 

Marco and I went to the coast.

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