Prepositions for referring to points in time and time spans in German

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Prepositions for referring to points in time and time spans

  • Ab (from) indicates when a time period begins.

Das Geschäft hat ab 8 Uhr geöffnet.

The store is open from 8 a.m.

Ab nächster Woche habe ich Urlaub.

I am on holiday from next week.

  • Bis and bis zu (both meaning “until”) indicate when a time period ends.

Der Supermarkt hat bis 22 Uhr geöffnet.

The supermarket is open until 10 p.m.

Ich arbeite bis zum Abendessen.

I'm working up until dinner.

  • Von … bis (from… to) indicates how long a time period lasts.

von 12 bis 13 Uhr

from 12 to 1 p.m.

von Montag bis Freitag

from Monday to Friday

Note: ab, von and zu all take the dative. Dativ

Ab nächstem Monat arbeite ich ganztags.

I will be working all day from next month.

Vom 1. bis zum 4. Januar habe ich frei.

I am off from January 1st to 4th.

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