Using the dative and accusative in a sentence

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Using the dative and accusative in a sentence

A sentence may contain supplementary information in both the accusative and the dative.

Sigi bringt dem Gast das Frühstück. (dem Gast = Dativ, das Frühstück = Akkusativ)

Sigi brings the guest breakfast. (the guest = dative, breakfast = accusative)

Magda sendet Anna eine Nachricht. (Anna = Dativ, eine Nachricht = Akkusativ)

Magda sends Anna a message. (Anna = dative, a message = accusative)

The position of dative and accusative objects varies:

  • Noun + noun: dative + accusative

Du kaufst deiner Tochter eine Geige. (deiner Tochter = Dativ, eine Geige = Akkusativ)

You buy your daughter a violin. (your daughter = dative, a violin = accusative)

Caroline bringt dem Kunden den Salat. (dem Kunden = Dativ, den Salat = Akkusativ)

Caroline brings the customer a salad. (the customer = dative, the salad = accusative)

  • Pronoun + pronoun: dative + accusative

Du kaufst ihr eine Geige. Du kaufst ihr diese. (ihr = Dativ, diese = Akkusativ)Demonstrativpronomen

You buy her a violin. You buy her this. (her = dative, this = accusative)

Ich schenke euch unser Auto. Ich schenke euch unseres. (euch = Dativ, unseres = Akkusativ)Possessivpronomen

I give you our car. I give you ours. (you = dative, ours = accusative)

  • Personal pronoun + personal pronoun: accusative + dative

Du kaufst deiner Tochter eine Geige. Du kaufst sie ihr. (sie / eine Geige = Akkusativ, ihr / deiner Tochter = Dativ)

You buy your daughter a violin. You buy it for her. (it / a violin = accusative, her / your daughter = dative)

Caroline bringt dem Kunden den Salat. Caroline bringt ihn ihm. (ihn / den Salat = Akkusativ, ihm / dem Kunden = Dativ)

Caroline brings the customer the salad. Caroline brings it to him. (it / the salad = accusative, him / the customer = dative)

Note: if there is a pronoun + a noun, the pronoun always comes first.

Sigi bringt dem Gast das Frühstück. Sigi bringt ihm das Frühstück. Sigi bringt es dem Gast.

Sigi brings the guest the breakfast. Sigi brings him the breakfast. Sigi brings it to the guest.

Magda sendet Anna eine Nachricht. Magda sendet ihr eine Nachricht. Magda sendet sie Anna.

Magda sends Anna a message. Magda sends her a message. Magda sends it to Anna.

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