The passé composé: past participles ending in -ert

The verbs ouvrir (to open), offrir (to offer), and souffrir (to suffer) have past participles that end in -ert (ouvrir → ouvert, offrir → offert, souffrir → souffert). They are conjugated in the passé composé in the following way:

ouvrir en
J'ai ouvert
Tu as ouvert
Il a ouvert/elle a ouvert
Nous avons ouvert
Vous avez ouvert
Ils ont ouvert/elles ont ouvert
offrir en
J'ai offert
Tu as offert
Il a offert/elle a offert
Nous avons offert
Vous avez offert
Ils ont offert/elles ont offert

Qui a ouvert la fenêtre ? Who opened the window?
Victor m’a offert un magnifique cadeau ! Victor gave me an amazing present!

Still having trouble with 'The passé composé: past participles ending in -ert'? Master the rules of French grammar and improve your French level thanks to our online French lessons Frantastique. We're offering a 7-day free trial, so what are you waiting for?

What our users say:



I enjoy doing my online French lessons. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!



I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!



Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.



Gymglish has allowed me to improve my French. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

More testimonials.

Looking to improve French for beginners? Frantastique provides effective and fun training!

Tips for learning 'The passé composé: past participles ending in -ert'? Share them with us!