When to use por and para

The main uses of por and para:

Por

  • to indicate a reason:

Comimos pastel por mi cumplea帽os.

We ate cake for my birthday.

  • To indicate a vague or general area:

Estas navidades estar茅 por Madrid.

I鈥檒l be around Madrid for Christmas.

  • To indicate an action done on behalf of someone:

Firma por m铆.

Sign this in my name (instead of me).

  • To reference a time of day:

La fiesta es el s谩bado por la noche.

The party's on Saturday at night.

Para

  • To express a purpose or goal:

Dorm铆 pronto para madrugar hoy.

I went to bed early to wake up early today.

  • To say where someone or something is headed:

Estas navidades ir茅 para Madrid.

This Christmas, I鈥檓 heading to Madrid.

  • To express an opinion:

Para m铆, Ram贸n cocina mejor.

In my opinion, Ram贸n cooks better.



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