Use of di

We mainly use di for the following purposes:

  • To indicate origin with the verb essere (to be):

Magda è di Roma.

Magda is from Rome.

  • In response to the questions chi? (who?) or che cosa? (what?) before a verb in its infinitive (standard) form:

Mi sono dimenticata di spegnere la tv.

I forgot to turn off the TV. 

  • To indicate possession:

Questa è la casa di Ruggero.

This is Ruggero's house (literally, “this is the house of Ruggero”).

  • To indicate the material something is made of:

Questo tavolo è di plastica.

This table is made of plastic.

  • To indicate a subject:

Oggi parleremo di scienze naturali.

Today we will talk about natural sciences.

  • To indicate a way of doing something:

Betty era sempre di corsa.

Betty was always in a hurry.

  • To indicate times of day:

Andiamo sempre a correre di mattina.

We always go running in the morning.

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