Personal pronouns in the dative case in German

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Personal pronouns in the dative case

You can replace the dative object with a personal pronoun.

Ich gebe dem Kind ein Fahrrad. → Ich gebe ihm ein Fahrrad.

I give the child a bike. → I give him a bike.

Anna schmeckt vegetarisches Essen. → Ihr schmeckt vegetarisches Essen.

Anna likes vegetarian food. → She (dative) likes vegetarian food (literally "Vegetarian food tastes good to her").

Sigi hilft dem Gast. → Sigi hilft ihm.

Sigi helps the guest. → Sigi helps him.

Here are the personal pronouns for the dative:

NominativDativBeispiel
ichmirGibst du mir deine Adresse?
dudirIch vertraue dir.
erihmAnna hilft ihm.
sieihrIch antworte ihr.
esihmDas Buch gefällt ihm.
wirunsDu kannst uns glauben.
ihreuchSchmeckt euch das Essen?
sieihnenDu musst ihnen gratulieren.
SieIhnenIch danke Ihnen, Frau Sonne.


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