Personal pronouns in the dative case

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Personal pronouns in the dative case

You can replace the dative object with a personal pronoun.

Ich gebe dem Kind ein Fahrrad. Ich gebe ihm ein Fahrrad.

I give the child a bike. I give him a bike.

Anna schmeckt nur vegetarisches Essen. Ihr schmeckt nur vegetarisches Essen.

Anna only likes vegetarian food. She (dative) only likes vegetarian food (literally "Only vegetarian food tastes good to her").

Sigi hilft dem Gast. Sigi hilft ihm.

Sigi helps the guest. Sigi helps him.

Here are the personal pronouns for the dative:

NominativeDativeExample
ichmirGibst du mir deine Adresse? Will you give me your address?
dudirIch vertraue dir. I trust you.
erihmAnna hilft ihm. Anna helps him.
sieihrIch antworte ihr. I reply to her.
esihmIhm gefällt das Buch. He (dative) likes the book.
wirunsDu kannst uns glauben. You can trust us.
ihreuchSchmeckt euch das Essen? Do you (dative) like the food?
sieihnenDu musst ihnen gratulieren. You must congratulate them.
SieIhnenIch danke Ihnen, Frau Sonne. I thank you, Mrs. Sonne.

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