Les particularités de la forme passive
French Grammar tips with Frantastique.
Improve your French and test our online French lessons for free.
Les particularités de la forme passiveReminder: The passive voice is formed with the auxiliary être + past participle.
Gérard Therrien manages the AIGF.
The AIGF is managed by Gérard Therrien.
In the passive form, the verb is often followed by a complement which itself is introduced by par (by).
L’affaire est suivie par la police The case is being dealt with by the police (active form: La police suit l’affaire)
When we don’t know who is performing the action, there is no complement. In the active form we would use on or quelqu’un.
Mon sac a été volé My bag was stolen - we don’t know who stole it. The active form would be: on a volé mon sac or quelqu’un a volé mon sac.
Une décision importante a été prise An important decision was made - the emphasis is on the decision, not on who made it.
• When the subject of the active form is a personal pronoun, we can’t form the passive.
Il suit l’affaire He’s handling the case we can’t say: L’affaire est suivie
• In the passive, we make a distinction between the subject which undergoes the action (placed before the verb) and the subject which performs the action (placed after the verb) and introduced by par. Grammatically, the subject which perfoms the action is called the ‘agent’ or ‘real subject’.
Learn more about French grammar with us. Still having difficulties with 'Les particularités de la forme passive'? Want to improve your French? Test our online French lessons and receive a free level assessment!
Do you have any tip to avoid making mistakes with 'Les particularités de la forme passive'? Share it with us!
Improve your French further and test Frantastique, online French lessons.