The passive

The passive is formed with the conjugated verb être + the past participle of the main verb. Être is conjugated into the same tense as that of the active form.

Le chat mange la souris. (mange = présent de l’indicatif) La souris est mangée par le chat. (est = présent de l’indicatif) The cat is eating the mouse. (mange = (indicative) present) The mouse is being eaten by the cat.(est = (indicative) present)
Le chat a mangé la souris. (a mangé = passé composé) La souris a été mangée par le chat. (a été = passé composé) The cat ate the mouse. (a mangé = passé composé) The mouse was eaten by the cat. (a été = passé composé)
Le chat mangera la souris. (mangera = futur simple) La souris sera mangée par le chat. (sera = futur simple) The cat will eat the mouse. { (mangera = future) The mouse will be eaten by the cat. (sera = future)

In the passive form, the past participle agrees with the subject.

 Le chat mangera la souris. La souris sera mangée par le chat. The cat will eat the mouse. The mouse will be eaten by the cat.
Le chat mangera les souris. Les souris seront mangées par le chat. The cat will eat the mice. The mice will be eaten by the cat.

Note: The passive form is only used for verbs which aren't followed by a preposition. Examples: ouvrir une porte (to open a door), manger une glace (to eat an ice cream), lire un livre (to read a book), acheter des fruits (to buy fruit), etc. These verbs can't be used in the passive: parler à (to speak to), avoir besoin de (to need), partir pour (to leave for), etc.

Solange a acheté 12 pommes → 12 pommes ont été achetées par Solange (on dit acheter quelque chose) Solange bought 12 apples 12 apples were bought by Solange (we say acheter quelque chose)
Fabienne parle à Bertrand pas de forme passive possible, car on dit parler à quelqu'un Fabienne is speaking to Bertrand no passive form possible, we say parler à quelqu'un

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