Les pronoms : qui et que
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Les pronoms : qui et queRelative pronouns (qui, que, où, dont, lequel, etc.) are used to refer to subjects that have been previously mentioned.
I saw an AIGF report. This report is about the sexuality of the French. I saw an AIGF report which is about the sexuality of the French.
Qui and que can often be mixed-up.
• Qui usually means ‘who’, but not always! It serves as (and replaces) the subject and is followed by a verb.
Victor va nous présenter sa nouvelle copine qui s’appelle Marie-Chantal. Victor is going to show us his new girlfriend who is called Marie-Chantal.
• Que replaces what’s called a direct object, usually meaning ‘that’ or ‘what’. It is followed by a subject.
Victor va nous présenter sa nouvelle copine que personne ne connaît. Victor is going to show us his new girlfriend that nobody knows.
• Que can also mark a new clause which joins with the main verb. Grammatically, this is called a subordinate clause.
Je pense que tu as raison I think (that) you’re right.
• Que becomes qu’ when followed by a vowel.
• Qui doesn’t always replace a person, and que doesn’t always replace a thing.
La voiture qui me plaît. The car that I like.
L’homme que j’aime. The man (that) I love.
L’homme qui est dans mon lit. The man who is in my bed.
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