Neutral demonstrative pronouns: esto, eso, aquello

The neuter demonstratives replace something that has been or is going to be said. We also use them when we don't know the name of something or don't want to say it.

Necesito que sepas esto: te quiero.

I need you to know this: I love you.

No sé qué es eso.

I don't know what that is.

The demonstrative changes according to distance:

  • Near → Esto (This)

—¿Qué es esto? —Es una carta de Betty.

‑What's this? ‑It's a letter from Betty.

  • Medium distance → Eso (that)

—¿Has visto ese gatito? —Eso no es un gato, es una rata.

‑Have you seen that kitten? ‑That's not a cat, that's a rat.

  • Far away → Aquello (that...over there)

—¿Qué es aquello que vuela?¿Es un pájaro?¿Es un avión? —¡Es Superman!

‑What's that flying up there? Is it a bird? Is it a plane? ‑It's Superman!

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