Regular verbs in the imperfect subjunctive

This is how regular verbs work in the imperfect subjunctive:

Io parlassi
Tu parlassi
Lui/lei parlasse
Noi parlassimo
Voi parlaste
Loro parlassero
Io vivessi
Tu vivessi
Lui/lei vivesse
Noi vivessimo
Voi viveste
Loro vivessero
Io sentissi
Tu sentissi
Lui/lei sentisse
Noi sentissimo
Voi sentiste
Loro sentissero

Volevo che loro sentissero come canti.

I wanted them to hear how you sing.

Credevo che parlassi apertamente.

I thought you were speaking openly.

The imperfect subjunctive is used: 

  • After verbs showing an opinion (like pensare “to think”, credere “to believe”, volere “to want”, etc.) in the “normal” (indicative) imperfect.

Pensavo che tu parlassi francese parlare, congiuntivo imperfetto

I thought you spoke French parlare, congiuntivo imperfetto

Credevo che lavorasse ancora a Londra lavorare, congiuntivo imperfetto 

I thought he still worked in London lavorare, congiuntivo imperfetto 

  • In sentences with se (if) when talking about a hypothetical situation.

Se loro sentissero si arrabbierebbero molto sentire, congiuntivo imperfetto

If they heard they would get very angry sentire, congiuntivo imperfetto

Se vivessimo a Roma, ci abitueremmo al traffico vivere, congiuntivo imperfetto

If we lived in Rome, we'd get used to the traffic vivere, congiuntivo imperfetto

  • After a verb in the conditional in the main part of the sentence, to express a desire in the form of a possibility.

Vorrei che andassimo al mare oggi. andare, congiuntivo imperfetto

I would like us to go to the coast today (literally, “I would like that we go…”).

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