The future tense: irregular verbs that drop a or e

Reminder: to conjugate most verbs in the future tense, we add the appropriate ending (-ò, -ai, -à, -emo, -ete, -anno) to the root of the verb.

Il prossimo weekend partirò per Roma.

I will leave for Rome next weekend.

Nel 2150 gli alieni conquisteranno la Terra.

In 2150, aliens will conquer Earth.

Some irregular verbs, like andare (to go), potere (can, to be able to) and dovere (must, to have to), drop the a or the e in the -are or -ere ending of the infinitive along with the -e at the end. So, we are left with the first three letters of the verb + the remaining r from the ending of the infinitive + the appropriate future tense ending. 

Io andrò
Tu andrai
Lui/lei andrà
Noi andremo
Voi andrete
Loro andranno
Io potrò
Tu potrai
Lui/lei potrà
Noi potremo
Voi potrete
Loro potranno
Io dovrò
Tu dovrai
Lui/lei dovrà
Noi dovremo
Voi dovrete
Loro dovranno

Domani mattina andrò al mercato.

Tomorrow morning I'll go to the market.

Potrai aiutarmi con il trasloco?

Will you be able to help me with the move?

Dovremo organizzare le vacanze al più presto.

We will have to arrange our vacation as soon as possible.

Other verbs that behave this way are vedere (to see), cadere (to fall), sapere (to know), vivere (to live) and avere (to have).

Non sapranno mai cosa è successo veramente.

They will never know what truly happened.

Vivrete un'esperienza meravigliosa ai Caraibi.

You will have (literally “you will live”) a wonderful experience in the Caribbean.

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