Where to put reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns Pronomi riflessivi are located:

  • In front of the verb: most of the time.

Magda si sveglia felice.

Magda is happy when she gets up (literally: “Magda gets herself up happy”).

Ciro non si lava oggi.

Cira isn't washing (himself) today.

  • After the verb: in the infinitive, imperative and gerundio (“-ing” form equivalent).

Toni vuole trasferirsi (di casa)

Toni wants to leave home (literally “Toni wants to move himself from home”).

Trovati un lavoro.

Find yourself a job!

Svegliandovi presto, avrete più energie.

If you wake up early, you'll have more energy (literally “by waking yourselves up early”).

  • Before or after the verb (according to preference):

in sentences with a verb like potere (to be able to), dovere (to have to), sapere (to know how to) and volere (to want to) + a main verb.

Anna vuole cambiarsi in camera. / Anna si vuole cambiare in camera.

Anna wants to get changed in her room (literally “Anna wants to change herself in her room”). 

in sentences with two verbs joined by a preposition, like the expressions stare per (to be about to), finire di (to finish), etc.

Antonio sta per farsi la barba. / Antonio si sta per fare la barba.

Antonio is about to shave (himself).

Note: direct Pronomi CD and indirect object pronouns Pronomi CI follow the same rules described above.

Still facing difficulties with 'Where to put reflexive pronouns'? Enhance your grammar and learn Italian through our online Italian lessons.
Start with a free test and improve today!

What our users say:



I enjoy doing my online Italian lessons. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!



I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!



Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.



Gymglish has allowed me to improve my Italian. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

More testimonials.

Improve your Italian further and test Saga Baldoria, online Italian course.