Negation using nicht

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Negation using nicht

Negative sentences are often formed using nicht (not).

Ich bin nicht da.

I am not there.

Wir schlafen nicht.

We are not sleeping.

The word nicht is placed:

  • before an adjective, adverb or preposition:

Der Wein ist gut. Der Wein ist nicht gut.

The wine is good. The wine is not good.

Wir essen viel. Wir essen nicht viel.

We eat a lot. We don't eat a lot.

Ich gehe ins Kino. Ich gehe nicht ins Kino.

I'm going to the cinema. I'm not going to the cinema.

  • at the end of the sentence if we’re negating a conjugated verb:

Ich finde meine Schlüssel nicht.

I can’t find my keys.

Caroline kauft das Gemüse nicht.

Caroline doesn’t buy the vegetables.

  • before an infinitive verb or past participle:

Er will den Job machen. Er will den Job nicht machen.

He wants to do the job. He doesn’t want to do the job.

Tim hat angerufen. Tim hat nicht angerufen.

Tim has called. Tim has not called.

Magda wird arbeiten. Magda wird nicht arbeiten.

Magda is going to work. Magda is not going to work.

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