Reflexive verbs in the accusative and dative

Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language.
German grammar tips with Wunderbla, online German lessons.

Reflexive verbs in the accusative and dative

Reflexive verbs are formed with a reflexive pronoun, for example mich (myself, accusative), dich (yourself, accusative), mir (myself, dative), dir (yourself, dative), uns (ourselves), or euch (yourselves). The reflexive pronoun comes after the verb.

Sigi rasiert sich.

Sigi is shaving (himself).

Wir verlieben uns.

We are falling in love (with each other).

The reflexive pronoun can be in the accusative Akkusativ or dative Dativ:

Akkusativ

ich mich

du dich

er/sie/es sich

wir uns

ihr euch

sie/Sie sich

Dativ

ich mir

du dir

er/sie/es sich

wir uns

ihr euch

sie/Sie sich

Ihr wünscht euch 100.000 Euro.

You wish you had 100,000 euros (euch = dative).

Du wäschst dir die Haare.

You are washing your hair (dir = dative).

Magda kauft sich eine Gitarre.

Magda is buying herself a guitar (sich = dative).

Notes

  • Reflexive verbs take haben (to have) in the perfect tense.

Wir haben uns gestern getroffen.

We met each other yesterday.

  • After words such as dass (that), weil (because) or der, die, das (when they mean "which, that"), the reflexive pronoun comes before the verb.

Ich hoffe, dass wir uns treffen.

I hope that we can meet (each other).

Die Tasche, die ich mir wünsche, ist teuer.

The bag that I want (for myself) is expensive.

Taking your learning further

Still facing difficulties with 'Reflexive verbs in the accusative and dative'? Improve your German with Wunderbla - try our German lessons for free now and receive a free level assessment!

Do you know any tips to avoid making mistakes with 'Reflexive verbs in the accusative and dative'? Share it with us!

Improve your German further and test Wunderbla, online German lessons.