The modal verbs dürfen (may) and sollen (should)
Dürfen (to be allowed, may) is used to give or refuse permission:
Hier darf geraucht werden.
You may smoke here.
Hier darf nicht getrunken werden.
You are not allowed to drink here.
Sollen (should, shall, to be supposed to) is used in the following situations:
- recommendations and instructions;
Man soll seinen Freunden helfen.
One should help one's friends.
Du sollst mich nicht immer unterbrechen.
You shouldn't keep interrupting me.
Sollen wir ins Kino gehen?
Shall we go to the cinema?
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