Verb position

The verb normally comes straight after the subject:

Anna verkauft das Hotel.

Anna is selling the hotel.

Magda hat keine Zeit.

Magda has no time.

However, after words such as weil (because), da (since), dass (that), wenn (when), als ob (as though), obwohl (although), nachdem (after), etc. the verb goes at the end:

Anna verkauft das Hotel, weil sie pleite ist.

Anna’s selling the hotel because she is broke.

Ich wusste nicht, dass Magda nach Berlin gezogen ist.

I didn't know that Magda has moved to Berlin.

Anna fährt nach New York, obwohl sie pleite ist.

Anna is going to New York even though she is broke.

If the subordinate clause (the part starting with weil, dass, etc.) starts the sentence, the structure is different: conjunction (weil, dass, wenn, da, etc.) + subject + verb, verb + subject.

Weil sie pleite ist, verkauft Anna das Hotel.

Because she is broke, Anna is selling the hotel.

Wenn Magda jeden Tag arbeitet, ist sie sehr müde.

When Magda works every day, she is very tired.

Obwohl Anna pleite ist, fährt sie nach New York.

Even though Anna is broke, she is going to New York.

Note: when there are two verbs in the sentence, the infinitive verb goes at the end.

Wenn wir nach Hause gehen, wirst du schon da sein.

When we get home, you will already be there.

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