The present perfect tense

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The present perfect tense

Construction of the present perfect: auxiliary verb have + past participle.
I have lost my keys.
Bruno has decided to take a break.

We use the present perfect when:

•  The action occurs in an unfinished time period:
I haven't seen him lately. I haven't seen him recently.
Everything has been alright so far. Everything has been alright up to now.

Sometimes the present perfect is used in the progressive form:
How long have you been living in San Francisco? - I have been living here for 10 years (or since 1999). Since when have you lived in San Francisco? I've lived here for 10 years (or since 1999).

•  The action is finished and we want to emphasize this fact, or it is still relevant to the present moment:
He's (or He has) done his work. He has finished or completed his work.

Note : When there is an adverb (such as never, always, etc.), this is always placed between the auxiliary verb and the past participle:
I have never been to San Francisco.
Susie has always dreamed of working in PR.

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