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a condition: a state, a circumstance, an aspect; a limitation; a physical form or state
You can come, but there is one condition: you must call me Sir. If you don't, you can't come!
These men work in poor conditions: they work in a small space that is very hot.

on condition that: only if, provided that
We will hire you, on condition that you come to work on time every day. If you don't, you will lose your job.

a condition (health): a disease, a disorder, an illness (health)
In a medical context:

He has a heart condition. He is suffering from heart disease.
Anosmia is a terrible condition. Anosmia is a terrible medical disorder.

Other uses of condition:

Zinedine Zidane came to the tournament in great condition. He's fitter than ever.
As you can see, this car is in good condition. There's absolutely nothing wrong with it.

Pronunciation examples
UK: That is one of the conditions of the agreement.
US: She can't go swimming because she has a heart condition.

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