Choosing between avoir and être in the passé composé in French

French Grammar tips with Frantastique.
Learn French online and test Frantastique for free.

Free with no obligation to buy.

Choosing between avoir and être in the passé composé

We use the auxiliary avoir for most verbs.
Marcel et Muriel ont acheté un plan de Paris. Marcel and Muriel bought a map of Paris.
Victor a organisé une fête. J’ai adoré sa fête ! Victor organised a party. I loved his party!
We use the auxiliary être:
•  for these 14 verbs (which describe a certain change in state or direction): naître, mourir, monter, descendre, venir, aller, entrer, sortir, arriver, partir, tomber, rester, passer, retourner
Victor est parti à 4 heures. Victor left at 4am.
Je suis arrivé en retard. I arrived late.
•  for verbes pronominaux (pronominal verbs) (se lever, se dépêcher, etc…):
Il s’est levé tard ce matin. He got up late this morning.

Learn more about French grammar with us. Still having difficulties with 'Choosing between avoir and être in the passé composé'? Want to improve your French? Test our online French lessons and receive a free level assessment!

What our users say:



I enjoy doing my online French lessons. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!



I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!



Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.



Gymglish has allowed me to improve my French. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

More testimonials.

Looking to improve French for beginners? Frantastique provides effective and fun training!

Tips for learning 'Choosing between avoir and être in the passé composé'? Share them with us!