É or er? The infinitive vs. the past participle in French

French Grammar tips with Frantastique.
Learn French online and test Frantastique for free.

TEST YOUR FRENCH
Free with no obligation to buy.

É or er? The infinitive vs. the past participle

The pronunciation of the verbs endings -er and are the same. Here we will look at when to use the infinitive (-er) and past participle () forms.

We use the infinitive (-er) INFINITIF:
•  after a preposition: de, à, pour, par, etc.
Muriel et Marcel n’arrêtent pas de parler Muriel and Marcel won’t stop talking.
Tu seras là pour m’aider ? Will you be there to help me?
•  after a verb (conjugated or not)
Tu viens manger à la maison ? Are you coming to eat at the house?
Il ne faut pas le laisser aller se baigner tout seul. Don’t let him go swimming alone.
•  after ne pas
Ne pas cracher No spitting.
We use the past participle (-é, -ée, -ées, -és) PARTICIPE PASSE:
•  after the auxiliary verbs être and avoir
Victor Hugo a été décongelé Victor Hugo was defrosted.
Vous êtes bien arrivés ? Did you arrive safely?
Muriel a voyagé en Afrique Muriel travelled to Africa.
•  when it’s an adjective
Je suis fatigué I’m tired.
Ils restent étonnés They are still surprised.
Note: don’t confuse the preposition ‘à + infinitive’ with the auxiliary ‘il a + past participle’.
Il faut mettre la pizza à décongeler You need to defrost the pizza.
Il a décongelé la pizza He defrosted the pizza.

Learn more about French grammar with us. Still having difficulties with 'É or er? The infinitive vs. the past participle'? Want to improve your French? Test our online French lessons and receive a free level assessment!



What our users say:

Pleasure

         

I enjoy doing my online French lessons. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!

Innovative

         

I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!

Unique

         

Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.

Progress

         

Gymglish has allowed me to improve my French. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

More testimonials.


Looking to improve French for beginners? Frantastique provides effective and fun training!

Tips for learning 'É or er? The infinitive vs. the past participle'? Share them with us!