Irregular verbs with the passé simple ending -u

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Irregular verbs with the passé simple ending -u

In the passé simple certain verbs originate from the past participle form. We see this with savoir (past participle su passé simple: je sus), courir (couru je courus), connaître (connu je connus), vivre (vécu je vécus), lire (lu je lus) and many others (plaire, taire, résoudre, boire, devoir, etc.).

connaître en
Je connus
Tu connus
Il connut
Nous connûmes
Vous connûtes
Ils connurent
vivre en
Je vécus
Tu vécus
Il vécut
Nous vécûmes
Vous vécûtes
Ils vécurent
devoir en
Je dus
Tu dus
Il dut
Nous dûmes
Vous dûtes
Ils durent
Mort, il se tient droit, lui qui vécut à plat ventre.
He died upright, he lived face down.
(Quote from Victor Hugo, about Mr. Dupin, the public prosecutor, whose statue had just been erected.)

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