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Les adverbes en -ment

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Les adverbes en -ment

Adverbs ending in -ment are formed using the adjective as a base:

•  the feminine adjective + -ment (when the adjective ends in e or a consonant).
adjective
feminine adjective + -ment
adverb of manner
général (general)
générale + ment
généralement (generally)
difficile (difficult)
difficile + ment
difficilement (with difficulty)

Elle est rapide. She’s quick. Elle mange rapidement. She eats quickly.
Elle est lente. She’s slow. Il berce lentement le bébé. He’s slowly rocking the baby.
•  the masculine adjective + -ment (when the adjective ends in i, u or é).
vrai true vraiment truely, really
poli polite poliment politely
exagéré exagerated, excessive exagérement excessively, overly
absolu absolute absolument absolutely, totally
•  adjectives ending in -ent and -ant become emment and amment.
violent violent violemment violently
méchant nasty, spiteful méchamment spitefully, badly
patient patient patiemment patiently
Note: -emment and -amment are pronounced in the same way:
patiemment patiently
fréquemment frequently
Special cases: There are exceptions to the rule, as ever! Here are the most common ones:
gentil kind, nice gentiment gently, kindly
bref briefly brièvement briefly
impuni unpunished impunément with impunity, recklessly
précipité hasty, rash précipitamment hastily, hurriedly

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