Prepositions used before country names (1/2) in French

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Prepositions used before country names (1/2)

When referring to a country where we are, or where we’re going to, we use the following prepositions:

Country Preposition
(ending in e)
je suis...
I am (in)...
je vais...
I’m going (to)...
etc.
en
France
France
Corse
Corsica
Suisse
Switzerland
Algérie
Algeria
j’habite...
I live (in)...
je reste...
I’m staying (in)...
etc.
au
Sénégal
Senegal
Canada
Canada
Maroc
Morocco

+ vowel
je pars...
I’m leaving (for)...
je voyage...
I’m travelling (to)...
(...)
en
Iran
Iran
Irak
Iraq
Islande
Iceland

♀♀
♂♂
je suis allé...
I went (to)...
j’ai été...
I was (in)...
(...)
aux
États-Unis
the United States
Pays-Bas
the Netherlands
Canaries
the Canary Islands
Note: with towns and islands we generally use the preposition à (for plural island names we use aux).
J’habite en Allemagne, à Berlin. I live in Germany, in Berlin.
Victor voudrait partir aux États-Unis, à New-York. Victor would like to go to the United States, to New York.
Je suis allé à Cuba. I went to Cuba.


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