Verbs ending in -oindre, -eindre or -aindre in the passé simple in French

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Verbs ending in -oindre, -eindre or -aindre in the passé simple

Verbs ending in -oindre, -aindre, -eindre are conjugated in the passé simple like this:

joindre en
Je joignis
Tu joignis
Il joignit/elle joignit
Nous joignîmes
Vous joignîtes
Ils joignirent/elles joignirent
peindre en
Je peignis
Tu peignis
Il peignit/elle peignit
Nous peignîmes
Vous peignîtes
Ils peignirent/elles peignirent
craindre en
Je craignis
Tu craignis
Il craignit/elle craignit
Nous craignîmes
Vous craignîtes
Ils craignirent/elles craignirent
« Victor Hugo ne craignit pas (...) de l’appeler déjà "Napoléon le Petit" (...) »
Victor Hugo didn’t fear calling him ‘Napoleon the Small’.
(Le Grand Dictionnaire Universel du XIXe siècle, Pierre Larousse.)
Note: The passé simple is mostly used in formal and literary French for describing specific or completed past actions.

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