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• that (singular), those (plural) are used to express DISTANCE in space or time.
Are these your monkeys? Are these monkeys here yours?
in this country In the country we are in at the moment.
these days In the time or days in which we live.
in that country In a specific country which is not the one we are in now.
Look at that plane. Look at the plane some distance from us.
Is that what Philip really thinks? makes reference to a past statement.
in those days makes reference to a time in the past.
The girl is a thief. Both speaker and listener know which girl is being referred to.
Such is their decision. Their decision is of this nature.
He hasn't read such a good book in years. This is the best book he has read in years.
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