The future tense with 'BE GOING TO' in English

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The future tense with 'BE GOING TO'

The expression be going to, followed by a verb in the infinitive, allows us to express an idea in the near future:
I'm going to talk to him. Very soon I will talk to him.
Several employees are going to be promoted next month. Several employees will be promoted next month.
Be going to can also express a conviction or a certainty:
It's going to rain. For sure, it will rain.
I'm not going to fail. I definitely will not fail.
Note: be going to can also be used with a past participle:
They are going to have finished by tomorrow afternoon. They will have finished by tomorrow afternoon.
(however, will is used much more frequently in this type of construction: They will have finished...)

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