El gerundio and the -ING form
The Spanish gerundio is used to describe continuous actions or those happening as we speak.
It corresponds to an -ING form, or the progressive form of an English verb:
- Verbs ending in -ar; amar (to love), caminar (to walk), hablar (to talk) → take the ending -ando (amando, caminando, hablando).
Ana y Teo están hablando.
Ana and Teo are speaking.
Rodrigo está cantando.
Rodrigo is singing.
- Verbs ending in -er and -ir; correr (to run), tener (to have), decidir (to decide) → take the ending -iendo (corriendo, teniendo, decidiendo).
Ellos están comiendo.
They are eating.
Estoy escribiendo un libro.
I am writing a book.
- With the verb estar to indicate ongoing actions:
Estoy hablando por teléfono.
I'm talking on the phone.
He estado trabajando todo el día.
I've been working all day.
- To describe simultaneous actions:
Me caí saliendo de la bañera.
I fell as I was getting out of the bath.
Lupita llegó corriendo al aeropuerto.
Lupita came rushing to the airport.
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