Irregular superlatives: stem-changing adjectives
Reminder: generally, superlatives are formed by adding muy (very) before the adjective, or with the endings -ísimo/ísima.
Alto → Nacho es muy alto.
Tall → Nacho is very tall.
Alto → Nacho es altísimo.
Tall → Nacho is super-tall.
When we add the endings ísimo/ísima, the stem of some adjectives changes:
Rico → El gazpacho está riquísimo.
Tasty → The gazpacho is quite delicious.
Largo → Hice un viaje larguísimo.
Long → I made a really long trip.
Amable → Magda es amabilísima.
Nice → Magda is so nice.
Antiguo → El hotel es antiquísimo.
Old → The hotel is very old. Ancient, even.
Célebre → Vino un actor celebérrimo.
Famous → A really famous actor came. I'm talking A-lister, Ana.
Other adjectives have two correct superlative forms, the second one being more formal:
Bueno → Vi un filme buenísimo/bonísimo.
Good → I saw an amazingly good film.
Fuerte → Hubo un ruido fuertísimo/fortísimo.
Loud → There was a very loud noise. Pardon me!
Nuevo → La camiseta está nuevísima/novísima.
New → The T-shirt is brand new.
Pobre → Es un barrio pobrísimo/paupérrimo.
Poor → It's a very poor neighborhood. But those of who live here appreciate its community spirit and lack of pretension, Ana.
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