Reporting another person's words

We do this using reported speech. To form it, we use a reporting verb (decir/to say, pensar/to think, creer/to believe, etc.) to introduce what we are going to report.

Ana: «Voy a vender el hotel» Ana dice que va a vender el hotel.

Ana: "I'm going to sell the hotel" → Ana says that she's going to sell the hotel.

When the reporting verb is in the present (dice, piensa, etc.) or the present perfect (ha dicho, ha pensado, etc.) we keep the tense used by the person we're reporting (except when they've used an imperative), but adapt the conjugation.

«Estoy estar, presente cansada» → Dice/Ha dicho que está cansada.

 "I'm tired" → She says/She has said that she's tired.

«Fui ir, pret. indefinido al teatro» → Dice/Ha dicho que fue al teatro.

I went to the theater” He says/He has said he went to the theater.

We introduce que, si or a question word between the reporting verb and the one we are reporting.

  • Que (that): when we report an affirmative or negative statement.

«Quiero ir a la fiesta» → Nacho dice que quiere ir a la fiesta.

“I want to go to the party” Nacho says that he wants to go to the party.

  • Si (if): when we report a yes/no question.

«¿Quieres ir a la fiesta?» → Nacho pregunta si quieres ir a la fiesta.

“Do you want to go to the party?” Nacho asks if you want to go to the party.

  • Question word (qué, dónde, cuándo, etc.): when we report a question that includes it.

«¿A qué horas quieres ir a la fiesta?» → Nacho pregunta a qué horas quieres ir a la fiesta.

At what time do you want to go to the party?” Nacho asks at what time you want to go to the party.

Note: when forming reported speech, we also adapt the pronouns and possessives.

Me Pronombres CI gusta mucho dormir → Ella dice que le gusta mucho dormir.

I really like sleeping She says she really likes sleeping.

Estoy en mi Adjetivos posesivos átonos apartamento → Carolina dice que está en su apartamento.

I am in my apartment Carolina says she is in her apartment.

Still facing difficulties with 'Reporting another person's words'? Learn and enhance your Spanish grammar through our online Spanish course. Start with a free test and improve today!

What our users say:



I enjoy doing my online Spanish lessons. Only ten minutes daily are enough...Thank you!



I love your innovative method which allows me to learn a new language and have fun at the same time!



Your method is unique! Your courses have helped me to progress and gain confidence during my travels.



Gymglish has allowed me to improve my Spanish. A daily routine I wouldn't miss for anything in the world!

More testimonials.

Improve your Spanish further and test Hotel Borbollón, online Spanish lessons.