Simple present or present subjunctive?

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Simple present or present subjunctive?

The simple present (presente de indicativo) is mainly used:  

  • To talk about an action that is taking place at the time of speaking or a very near future

 Cenamos en el restaurante.

We're having dinner at the restaurant.

Mañana ceno con Magda.

I'm having breakfast with Magda tomorrow.

  • To present facts and information

Ana es la propietaria del Hotel Borbollón.

Ana is the owner of the Hotel Borbollón.

  • To describe routines

Cada jueves voy a la piscina.

Every Thursday, I go to the pool.

The present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo) is mainly used:

  • To talk about a current or future possibility

Puede que ahora Ana esté en el hospital.

Ana may be at the hospital now.

Cuando llegue Nacho, iremos de copas.

When Nacho gets here, we'll go out for drinks.

  • To express subjective thoughts, like hopes, desires, feelings or suggestions.

Ojalá encuentres trabajo pronto.

I hope you find a job soon.

  • To express negative suppositions after: no creo que (I don't believe that), no pienso que (I don't think that), no es verdad que (it's not true that), etc.

No creo que Ana sea la propietaria del Hotel Borbollón.

I don't think Ana is the owner of the Hotel Borbollón.


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