Some invariable adjectives

Reminder: Most adjectives have to agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. However, some adjectives have the same masculine and feminine form (they still have singular and plural forms).

ella es pequeña; él es pequeño.

she’s small; he’s small.

ella está triste; él está triste.

she’s sad; he’s sad.

The adjectives with the following endings don’t have different masculine and feminine forms:

  • -ista:

un futuro optimista; una carta optimista.

an optimistic future (masculine noun); an optimistic letter (feminine noun)

  • -e:

un niño amable; una niña amable.

a nice boy (♂); a nice girl (♀)

  • -z:

un final feliz; una familia feliz.

a happy ending (♂); a happy family (♀)

  • -al, -il:

un trabajo ideal; una solución ideal.

the perfect job (♂); the perfect solution (♀)

un hombre débil; una mujer débil.

a weak man (♂); a weak woman (♀)

  • -ar y -or:

un bar popular; una cafetería popular.

a popular bar (♂); a popular café (♀)

un coche mejor; una persona mejor.

a better car (♂); a better person (♀)

Note: Some adjectives become nouns preceded by an article and follow the same rule:

Un joven deportista; un deportista profesional.

a young athlete; a professional athlete

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