The imperative and present subjunctive of vos
Reminder: the pronoun vos is used in different parts of Latin America (mainly Argentina, Uruguay and some Central American countries) instead of tú, to speak informally to a singular “you”.
Vos tenés la misma edad que mi hermano.
You are the same age as my brother.
It has its own conjugations in three tenses: simple present, imperative and present subjunctive. This is how we form:
- To conjugate a verb in the imperative with vos, take the vosotros/as conjugation in the same tense, remove the d and add an accent:
¡Venid! (vosotros venir, imperativo presente) → ¡Vení! (vos).
Come! (plural informal “you”) → Come! (singular informal “you”).
¡Entrad! (vosotros entrar, imperativo presente) → ¡Entrá! (vos).
Enter! (plural informal “you”) → Enter! (singular informal “you”).
The present subjunctive:
- To conjugate a verb in the present subjunctive with vos, take the tú conjugation and add an accent on the last syllable.
No cantes cantar, subj. presente → No cantés.
Don't sing (tú form)→ Don't sing (vos form).
No salgas salir, subj. presente → No salgás.
Don't leave (tú form)→ Don't leave (vos form).
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